Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 was passed on December 26th 2016 in Indian Parliament and came into effect on 28th December 2016. The act is drafted in lines of United Nations Conventions on Persons with Disabilities, which Government of India ratified in 2007 with the following objectives.
a. respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one's own choices, and independence of persons
c. full and effective participation and inclusion in society
d. respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity
e. equality of opportunity
g. equality between men and women
h. respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect the rights of children with disabilities to preserve their identities
The act has 17 chapters with definitions, rights and entitlements, education, skill development, social security, health, rehabilitation and recreation, special provisions for persons with benchmark disabilities, persons with high support needs, duties and responsibilities of Governments, registration of institutions working for persons with disabilities and grants, certification of specified disabilities, central and state advisory boards, chief commissioner and state commissioner for persons with disabilities, special court for grievance redressal, national and state fund for persons with disabilities, offences and penalties for contravention of provisions of act or rules or regulations and other miscellaneous provisions, applications and powers.